Construction of the U.S. Capitol began in 1793. From that time, African American women and men worked as skilled and unskilled laborers on the building, and eventually as domestic servants and professional staff in the building. Philip Reid, who was enslaved, was responsible for the final casting, transportation, and assembly of the Statue of Freedom by white sculptor Thomas Crawford that tops the dome.

The first three African Americans to serve in Congress, Hiram Revels, Joseph Rainey, and Jefferson Long, arrived in 1869 during Reconstruction following the Civil War. The Congressional Black Caucus was established in 1971 by nine members of Congress to work in concert to achieve a more equitable Congress and a more equitable country.


This template controls the elements:

TOP: Top Links (Home, Donate, Events, Contact), Social Network Buttons, Tagline, Tagline Image

FOOTER: Footer Links (Privacy Policy, Contact, Donate), Footer Descriptions

* This message is only visible in administrative mode