Daniel Alexander Payne Murray (1852-1925) moved to Washington from his birthplace of Baltimore at the age of nine to work for his brother, a caterer and manager of the United States Senate Restaurant. Ten years later, in 1871, Murray became a member of the 12-person staff of the Library of Congress as the personal assistant to the Librarian of Congress. Murray was the second African American to hold a professional position at the Library of Congress. In 1881 he was promoted to assistant librarian. In 1899 Murray was asked to compile a collection of books and pamphlets by black authors for an exhibit of "Negro Authors" at the 1900 Paris Exposition. The volumes he collected became the foundation of the Library of Congress's "Collection of Books by Colored Authors." He was also the first African American member of the Washington Board of Trade and president of the Inaugural Welcome Club in 1901. Murray, a prolific author, often wrote on race issues and testified before the U.S. House of Representatives on Jim Crow laws and black migration.


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