As early as the 1820s, free African Americans settled in a community called Vinegar Hill near the intersection of today's Georgia and Missouri avenues, NW, an area now known as Brightwood. By the time of the Civil War (1861-1865), most were landowners, and the majority of these were women. During the Civil War, a military fort was built within Vinegar Hill that repulsed the only Confederate attack on the District of Columbia.
"I looked at the new brochures for the Deanwood and Civil Rights Heritage Trails. I am always astonished and amazed at the work you do and the quality of it. Beautiful."