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President Lincoln's Cottage was the summer home of President Abraham Lincoln and his family for the duration of his time in office. It is estimated that the president spent a quarter of his presidency there.

Although Lincoln commuted to the White House most days, the summer cottage became the location where he carried out many of his presidential responsibilities. He held official meetings, developed war strategy, and drafted important documents, including the first draft of the Emancipation Proclamation, at the house on the grounds of the Soldiers' Home (today the Armed Forces Retirement Home).

According to various accounts, it was at one meeting at the Cottage that Lincoln told key advisors that he would not drop his support of the 13th Amendment (abolishing slavery) from his platform. Many people had warned Lincoln that he would lose the election if he continued to support the 13th amendment.

The Cottage was known by a variety of names in the 19th century, but was named "Anderson Cottage" in 1889. That name remained in use through 2000, when it was officially changed to "President Lincoln's Cottage" after President William J. Clinton declared the Cottage a National Monument, in recognition of its important role in Lincoln's presidency and national history, in particular in the development of the Emancipation Proclamation.

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